The capital of Cuba, a port in the northwest on the Gulf of Mexico: the largest city in the Caribbean; founded in 1514 as San Cristóbal de la Habana by Diego Velásquez. Population: 2 241 000 (1995 est.).
Capital, industrial, and cultural centre of Mexico, 2,255 m/7,400 ft above sea level on the southern edge of the central plateau; population (2000 est) 8,605,200 (city), 18,327,000 (urban area; the largest urban agglomeration in the world).
An archipelago off Central America, extending over 2400 km (1500 miles) in an arc from the peninsula of Florida to Venezuela, separating the Caribbean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean: consists of the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, and the Bahamas; largest island is Cuba.
From The Dictionary of Alternatives
The origin of the term is open to dispute but one common interpretation is that is comes from the Latin carne (meat) and levare (to remove). Carnival is mostly a Roman Catholic tradition and marks a period of unbridled celebration and excess to use up all remaining meat and animal products before the Lent period of fasting and sacrifice.
From Latin American History and Culture: Encyclopedia of Pre-Colonial Latin America (Prehistory to 1550s)
The center of Chichén Itzá dominated the political landscape of the northern Yucatán for most of the Early Postclassic period. The name Chichén Itzá means “by the mouth of the well of the Itzá” and refers to the Maya city's ninth-century conquest by peoples of the southern Gulf coast.