The following writing websites offer both citation help and instruction in how to format your paper in a particular style. Some also give tips and advice on how to write different types of documents, from persuasive essays to research papers.
THE LITTLE DK HANDBOOK is a concise guide to APA and MLA styles. A copy is available on Reserve at the Circulation Desk in the Library, and can also be purchased in the Bookstore. NOTE: the citation style examples for MLA are not up to date.
A citation is what tells your reader that you got information from another source. This is used to prevent plagarism, recognize another author's work, and make sure that you are using accurate information.
End of text citations make up your References (APA) or Works Cited (MLA) pages. These are the two most common citation formats used. To learn how to use either of these formats for your list of references, click on the tabs above.
There are many different ways to cite resources in your paper. At CSI, the two most commonly used citation styles are APA (from the American Psychological Association) and MLA (from the Modern Language Association).
Here are a few other commonly-used styles that you may run across in your research:
IMPORTANT: Check with your instructor to make sure you use the style they require. And whatever style you choose, BE CONSISTENT!
Free citation helpers can be good places to start recording the descriptions of your reference sources. Usually they start you through the process by asking what style you want to use (APA, MLA, etc.) and what type of item you have (book, article from a database, website, etc.). After that, they give you a series of boxes to fill in with the different parts of the citation (author, title, etc.). Some give advice about details such as what words to capitalize. When you have filled in all the necessary boxes, the helper will give you a citation to copy and paste into your report.
The question to ask about each of these helpers is how well do they fit the style rules? Some leave out important fields (such as the doi or "retrived from" in APA), prompt you for information that is no longer needed (such as the name of the journal database in APA), or ignore the correct line spacing and indentation. Don't just copy & paste! Always compare your citation to an example from an official source. It's an extra bit of bother, but will save you more work making corrections later.
Here are some helpers to try: