Elizabeth Cady Stanton : an American life by Lori D. GinzbergIn this subtly crafted biography, the historian Lori D. Ginzberg narrates the life of a woman of great charm, enormous appetite, and extraordinary intellectual gifts who turned the limitations placed on women like herself into a universal philosophy of equal rights.
Call Number: HQ1413.S67G43 2009
Publication Date: 2009-09-01
Fighting Chance : The Struggle over Woman Suffrage and Black Suffrage in Reconstruction America by Faye E. DuddenThe advocates of woman suffrage and black suffrage came to a bitter falling-out in the midst of Reconstruction, when Elizabeth Cady Stanton opposed the 15th Amendment because it granted the vote to black men but not to women. How did these two causes, so long allied, come to this?Based on extensive research, Fighting Chance is a major contribution to women's history and to 19th-century political history--a story of how idealists descended to racist betrayal and desperate failure.
Publication Date: 2011-01-01
How the Vote Was Won : Woman Suffrage in the Western United States, 1868-1914 by Rebecca J. MeadBy the end of 1914, almost every Western state and territory had enfranchised its female citizens in the greatest innovation in participatory democracy since Reconstruction. These Western successes stand in profound contrast to the East, where few women voted until after the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, and the South, where African-American men were systematically disenfranchised. How did the frontier West leap ahead of the rest of the nation in the enfranchisement of the majority of its citizens? In this provocative new study, Rebecca J. Mead shows that Western suffrage came about as the result of the unsettled state of regional politics, the complex nature of Western race relations, broad alliances between suffragists and farmer-labor-progressive reformers, and sophisticated activism by Western women. She highlights suffrage racism and elitism as major problems for the movement, and places special emphasis on the political adaptability of Western suffragists whose improvisational tactics earned them progress. A fascinating story, previously ignored, How the Vote was Won reintegrates this important region into national suffrage history and helps explain the ultimate success of this radical reform.
Publication Date: 2006-01-01
Jailed for Freedom by Doris StevensReprint of the 1920 ed. published by Boni and Liveright, New York.
Call Number: JK1901.ST47 1976
Publication Date: 1976
Lucy Stone : an unapologetic life by Sally G. McMillenIn the rotunda of the nation's Capital a statue pays homage to three famous nineteenth-century American women suffragists: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucretia Mott. "Historically," the inscription beneath the marble statue notes, "these three stand unique and peerless." In fact, the statue has a glaring omission: Lucy Stone. A pivotal leader in the fight for both abolition and gender equality, her achievements marked the beginning of the women's rights movement and helped to lay the groundwork for the eventual winning of women's suffrage. Yet, today most Americans have never heard of Lucy Stone.Sally McMillen sets out to address this significant historical oversight in this engaging biography. Exploring her extraordinary life and the role she played in crafting a more just society, McMillen restores Lucy Stone to her rightful place at the center of the nineteenth-century women's rights movement. Raised in a middle-class Massachusetts farm family, Stone became convinced at an early age that education was key to women's independence and selfhood, and went on to attend the Oberlin Collegiate Institute. When she graduated in 1847 as one of the first women in the US to earn a college degree, she was drawn into the public sector as an activist and quickly became one of the most famous orators of her day. Lecturing on anti-slavery and women's rights, she was instrumental in organizing and speaking at several annual national woman's rights conventions throughout the 1850s. She played a critical role in the organization and leadership of the American Equal Rights Association during the Civil War, and, in 1869, cofounded the American Woman Suffrage Association, one of two national women's rights organizations that fought for women's right to vote. Encompassing Stone's marriage to Henry Blackwell and the birth of their daughter Alice, as well as her significant friendships with Frederick Douglass, Susan B. Anthony, and others, McMillen's biography paints a complete picture of Stone's influential and eminently important life and work.Self-effacing until the end of her life, Stone did not relish the limelight the way Elizabeth Cady Stanton did, nor did she gain the many followers whom Susan B. Anthony attracted through her extensive travels and years of dedicated work. Yet her contributions to the woman's rights movement were no less significant or revolutionary than those of her more widely lauded peers. In this accessible, readable, and historically-grounded work, Lucy Stone is finally given the standing she deserves.
Publication Date: 2014
Minnie Fisher Cunningham : A Suffragist's Life in Politics by Judith N. McArthur; Harold L. SmithThe principal orchestrator of the passage of women's suffrage in Texas, a founder and national officer of the League of Women Voters, the first woman to run for a U.S. Senate seat from Texas, and a candidate for that state's governor, Minnie Fisher Cunningham was one of the first American women to pursue a career in party politics. Cunningham's professional life spanned a half century, thus illuminating our understanding of women in public life between the Progressive Era and the 1960s feminist movement.Cunningham entered politics through the suffrage movement and women's voluntary association work for health and sanitation in Galveston, Texas. She quickly became one of the most effective state suffrage leaders, helping to pass the bill in a region where opposition to women voters was strongest. In Washington, Cunningham was one of the core group of suffragists who lobbied the Nineteenth Amendment through Congress and then traveled the country campaigning for ratification. After women gained the right to vote across the nation, she helped found the nonpartisan National League of Women Voters and organized training schools to teach women the skills of grassroots organizing, creating publicity campaigns, and lobbying and monitoring legislative bodies. Through the League, she became acquainted with Eleanor Roosevelt, who credited one of her speeches with stimulating her own political activity.Cunningham then turned to the Democratic Party, serving as an officer of the Woman's National Democratic Club and the Women's Division of the Democratic National Committee. In 1928 Cunningham became a candidate herself, making an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate. An advocate of New Deal reforms, Cunningham was part of the movement in the 1930s to transform the Democratic Party into the women's party, and in 1944 she ran for governor on a pro-New Deal platform.Cunningham's upbringing in rural Texas made her particularly aware of the political needs of farmers, women, union labor, and minorities, and she fought gender, class, and racial discrimination within a conservative power structure. In the postwar years, she was called the "very heart and soul of Texas liberalism" as she helped build an electoral coalition of women, minorities, and male reformers that could sustain liberal politics in the state and bring to office candidates including Ralph Yarborough and Bob Eckhardt.A leader and role model for the post-suffrage generation, Cunningham was not satisfied with simply achieving the vote, but agitated throughout her career to use it to better the lives of others. Her legacy has been carried on by the many women to whom she taught successful grassroots strategies for political organizing.Minne Fisher Cunningham was the winner of the Liz Carpenter Award of the Texas State Historical Association, and of the T. R. Fehrenbach Book Award of the Texas Historical Commission.
Publication Date: 2003-09-01
Mrs. Satan : the incredible saga of Victoria C. Woodhull by Johanna Johnston; Paul Avrich Collection (Library of Congress) Staff (Contribution by)
Call Number: JK1899.M3J644 1967
Publication Date: 1967
A Reform Against Nature : Woman Suffrage and the Rethinking of American Citizenship, 1840-1920 by Carolyn S. VaccaDebates over women's suffrage filled the pages of nineteenth-century articles, speeches, and books. Early natural rights justifications gave way to those based on women's special characteristics -- characteristics used by vehement anti-suffragists to justify women's exclusion from the polity. These questions over natural rights reappeared in immigration and naturalization debates, which also attracted the print media's attention. This shift in the rationale for inclusion in the suffrage debates paved the way for reorientation of American views - from citizenship as a right, to citizenship as a privilege - a view that informed America's response to questions of immigration and naturalization in the early twentieth century.
Publication Date: 2004-06-03
The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton : Their Place Inside the Body-Politic, 1887 To 1895 and Susan B. Anthony by Ann D. GordonTheir Place Inside the Body-Politic is a phrase Susan B. Anthony used to express her aspiration for something women had not achieved, but it also describes the woman suffrage movement's transformation into a political body between 1887 and 1895. This fifth volume opens in February 1887, just after the U.S. Senate had rejected woman suffrage, and closes in November 1895 with Stanton's grand birthday party at the Metropolitan Opera House. At the beginning, Stanton and Anthony focus their attention on organizing the International Council of Women in 1888. Late in 1887, Lucy Stone's American Woman Suffrage Association announced its desire to merge with the national association led by Stanton and Anthony. Two years of fractious negotiations preceded the 1890 merger, and years of sharp disagreements followed. Stanton made her last trip to Washington in 1892 to deliver her famous speech "Solitude of Self." Two states enfranchised women--Wyoming in 1890 and Colorado in 1893--but failures were numerous. Anthony returned to grueling fieldwork in South Dakota in 1890 and Kansas and New York in 1894. From the campaigns of 1894, Stanton emerged as an advocate of educated suffrage and staunchly defended her new position.
Publication Date: 2009-06-10
Southern Ladies and Suffragists : Julia Ward Howe and Women's Rights at the 1884 New Orleans World's Fair by Miki PfefferWomen from all over the country came to New Orleans in 1884 for the Woman's Department of the Cotton Centennial Exposition, that portion of the World's Fair exhibition devoted to the celebration of women's affairs and industry. Their conversations and interactions played out as a drama of personalities and sectionalism at a transitional moment in the history of the nation. These women planted seeds at the Exposition that would have otherwise taken decades to drift southward. This book chronicles the successes and setbacks of a lively cast of postbellum women in the first Woman's Department at a world's fair in the Deep South. From a wide range of primary documents, Miki Pfeffer recreates the sounds and sights of 1884 New Orleans after Civil War and Reconstruction. She focuses on how difficult unity was to achieve, even when diverse women professed a common goal. Such celebrities as Julia Ward Howe and Susan B. Anthony brought national debates on women's issues to the South for the first time, and journalists and ordinary women reacted. At the World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition, the Woman's Department became a petri dish where cultures clashed but where women from across the country exchanged views on propriety, jobs, education, and suffrage. Pfeffer memorializes women's exhibits of handwork, literary and scientific endeavors, inventions, and professions, but she proposes that the real impact of the six-month long event was a shift in women's self-conceptions of their public and political lives. For those New Orleans ladies who were ready to seize the opportunity of this uncommon forum, the Woman's Department offered a future that they had barely imagined.
Woman Suffrage : A Right or a Privilege? by Heather Kauffman
Publication Date: 2015
The Woman Suffrage Movement in America : A Reassessment by Corrine M. McConnaughyThis book departs from familiar accounts of high-profile woman suffrage activists whose main concern was a federal constitutional amendment. It tells the story of woman suffrage as one involving the diverse politics of women across the country as well as the incentives of the men with the primary political authority to grant new voting rights - those in state legislatures. Through a mix of qualitative and quantitative evidence, the book explains the success and failures of efforts for woman suffrage provisions in five states and in the US Congress as the result of successful and failed coalitional politics between the suffrage movement and important constituencies of existing male voters, including farmers' organizations, labor unions, and the Populist and Progressive parties.
Publication Date: 2013-10-14
Women and the Vote: a world history by Jad AdamsBefore 1893 no woman anywhere in the world had the vote in a national election. A hundred years later almost all countries had enfranchised women, and it was a sign of backwardness not to have done so. This is the story of how this momentous change came about. The first genuinely global history of women and the vote, it takes the story of women in politics from the earliest times to the present day, revealing startling new connections across time and national boundaries - from Europe and NorthAmerica to Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Muslim world post-9/11. A story of individuals as well as of wider movements, it includes the often dramatic life-stories of women's suffrage pioneers from across the world, painting vivid biographical portraits of everyone from Susan B. Anthony and the Pankhursts to hitherto lesser-known activists in China, Latin America,and Africa. It is also the first major post-feminist history of women's struggle for the vote. Controversially, Jad Adams rejects the widely accepted idea that success was primarily a result of the pressure group politics of the suffragists and their supporters. Ultimately, he argues, it was nationalism, notfeminism, that was the most important factor in winning women the vote.
Rightfully Hers: American Women and the VoteA century ago the United States ratified the 19th amendment, prohibiting voter discrimination based on sex. Rightfully Hers: American Women and the Vote, a project of the National Archives Foundation, commemorates the ratification. The exhibition features nearly 100 items, including political cartoons and postcards, petitions and legal documents, and pictures and quotes from women who shaped the movement. In doing so, it seeks to show the movement in a way "that look[s] beyond suffrage parades and protests to the often overlooked story behind this landmark moment in American history." While the physical exhibition is located at the Lawrence F. O'Brien Gallery at the National Archives Museum, many of its items are on digital display through this online portal. Select records are embedded at the link above, as well as links to related resources, including: "Road to Ratification" (a state-by-state exploration of the ratification process), external lesson plans, and a 19th amendment-themed youth art competition. The remainder of the records are accessible by clicking the "More Records" box (located below Featured Records). Here, users can select an online exhibition to view (primarily categorized into five questions such as "What was the 19th Amendment's Impact?" and "Why Did Women Fight for the Vote?"). Users will also find an introductory video from the exhibit's curator, Corinne Porter. A variety of sponsors supported the exhibition, including the National Archives Foundation and Unilever.
Woman Suffrage and the 19th AmendmentThis lesson plan from Teachinghistory.org provides educators with content and instruction tips to introduce high school students to the the woman suffrage movement that resulted in the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution. The lesson draws from nine disparate but related primary source documents that date between 1868 and 1920, as well as six teaching activities that run the gamut from document analysis to role play to student research. There is even a well-structured activity in which students are invited to write and stage a one-act play in order to dramatize, and help understand, original source material. Related websites are also available here, including excellent resources from the Library of Congress, the National Archive, the National Park Service, the National Register of Historic Places, and the National Women's History Project. Readers will also find related Teachinghistory.org lesson plans, such as "On Gendering the Constitution" and "Woman's Legal History Biography Project," on the left hand side of the page.
Iron jawed angels by Katja von GarnierThe dramatized story of Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, leaders of the suffragist women who fought for the passage of the 19th Amendment. They broke from the mainstream women's rights movement to create a more activist wing, daring to push the boundaries to secure women's voting rights in 1920.
Call Number: DVD PN1997.I752 2004
Publication Date: 2004
Amendment 19: Women's Right to VoteThe right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex. The wording of the 19th Amendment is as unflinchingly clear as the obstacles to its passage—sexism; cultural, political, and social prejudices; and even timidity on the part of women reluctant to challenge the status quo. This program examines the struggle of the women’s suffrage movement and its role in the eventual passage of the 19th Amendment. Legal experts discuss the amendment as a constitutional document and explain the changes it brought about in American life. A Cambridge Educational Production. (9 minutes)
Generations: American Women Win the VoteCovering 72 years of suffrage history, this film describes the struggle to get the 19th Amendment passed in Congress and ratified by states. Includes Tennessee’s special session on Aug. 9, 1920 where Suffrage supporters wore the yellow rose and "antis" countered with red roses. On August 18, 24-year-old Tennessee General Assembly member Harry Burn acted on the advice of his mother and cast the deciding vote granting all American women the right to vote.
Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. AnthonyTogether, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony fought for the rights of women in America—indeed, women everywhere—and their determination and achievements still ripple through American society. This stirring documentary by Ken Burns and Paul Barnes recounts the challenges and triumphs of two pioneers who gave birth to the women’s movement. Distributed by PBS Distribution. 2-part series, 90–94 minutes each.
The Oratory of Women's SuffrageThis video documentary re-creates the speeches of leading suffragettes whose impassioned words shaped the women’s movement during its inception in the late 19th century.
The Vote (2 parts)The Vote tells the dramatic story of the hard-fought campaign waged by American women for the right to vote, a transformative cultural and political movement that resulted in the largest expansion of voting rights in U.S. history.
Perfect 36: When Women Won the VoteIn July of 1920, all eyes were on Nashville, Tennessee as anti- and pro-suffragists fought for their vision of a socially evolving United States. This program chronicles the dramatic vote to ratify the 19th amendment granting women the right to vote, and the years of debate about women's suffrage that preceded it. On July 17, 1920, Carrie Chapman Catt, President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, arrived to spend a few days in Nashville. She was traveling on the heels of Tennessee Governor A.H. Roberts' announcement of a special session of the state legislature, called at the urging of President Woodrow Wilson. Catt's few days dragged into weeks at her headquarters in the Hermitage Hotel, where pro- and anti- suffragists continued to clash in what came to be known as the "War of the Roses." On August 18, 1920, the House convened. After two consecutive 48-48 outcomes to table the resolution, it was put to a vote. At the last minute, 24-year-old freshman representative Harry Burn recalled a letter from his mother received that morning, urging him to, "be a good boy" and grant women the right to vote. In spite of wearing a red rose, Burn swung his vote, making Tennessee the deciding 36th state to enable passage of the 19th Amendment.