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Citation Styles: APA Style

APA Manual & Updates

Publication Manual 7th Edition (2019)

References: BOOK

Minter, A. (2019). Secondhand: Travels in the new global garage

          sale. Bloomsbury Publishing.

When citing a book, remember to use the title page and verso (the backside) of the title page for your information.  This is where you can find the author, title, and all the publication information.

Give the name of the publisher, but not the city.

References: EBOOK

Dettlaff, A. J., & Fong, R. (Eds.). (2016). Immigrant and refugee children and

          families: Culturally responsive practice. Columbia University Press.


The citation for an ebook looks exactly like that for a print book if you find the ebook in one of the library's ebook collections from ProQuest or EBSCOhost.


Boyd, O. (2020). Consumer actions result in agribusiness turning to sustainable
          practices. In J. McCarty (Ed.), The industrial food complex (pp. 123-127).
          Greenhaven Press.

References: WEB PAGE

Cox, K. (2020, February 14). How to beat cabin fever if the coronavirus is keeping you indoors.


The basic parts of the citation are the author(s), the date the page was posted, the title of the page, and the URL.  Pretty simple. 

(It's ok to break a URL at a punctuation mark.)

Something that is new and different: Italicize the title of the webpage and type the title of the website in plain text.



Conover, P.J., & Miller, P. R. (2018). How Republicans won on voter identification laws: The roles of strategic

          reasoning and moral conviction. Social Science Quarterly, 99(2), 490-511.


Article title: capitalize only the first word (and the first word of the subtitle, if there is one), plus any proper nouns.

Journal title: capitalize all the main words, and put it all in italics.

The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a system for identifying electronic articles that is used by many scholarly publishers. 

It does not matter whether you find a journal article in a database or on a publisher's website.  If it has a DOI, type this at the end of the citation, in a URL (http://...).  Do not type the name of the database or the URL from the database.


Nadis, S. (2014, April). First light. Discover, 38-43. 


If (1) no DOI is assigned, and (2) the magazine is published regularly and easy to find in databases, leave out database info and URL. The citation will look the same as one for a printed article.

Give the specific date (month for monthly magazines, month and day for weekly magazines and for newspapers).


Sample References List


Broyles, M. (1996). Charles Ives and the American democratic tradition. In J. P. Burkholder (Ed.), Charles

Ives and his world (pp. 118-160). Princeton University Press.     Chapter in an anthology      

Burkholder, J. P. (2012). Stylistic heterogeneity and topics in the music of Charles Ives. Journal of Musicological

          Research, 31(2-3), 166-199.     Journal article with a DOI

San Francisco Symphony. (2009). Charles Ives's Holidays Symphony: Music made from memories. Keeping

          Score.      Webpage on a website

Schiff, D. (1997, January). The many faces of Ives. Atlantic Monthly, 279(1), 84-87.     Magazine article

Swafford, J. (1996). Charles Ives: A life with music. W. W. Norton.     Printed book