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Citation Styles: APA Style

APA Manual & Updates

References: BOOK

When citing a book, remember to use the title page and verso of the title page (the backside) for your information.  This is where you can find the author, title, and all the publication information.

References: EBOOK

Worell, J., & Goodheart, C. D. (2006). Handbook of girls’ and women’s

          psychological health. Retrieved from


The difference between citing a printed book and an ebook is that, for an ebook, you get to omit the city and name of the publisher.


Epstein, N. (2013). Islamophobia has replaced anti-semitism in the United States.

          In D. Bryfonski (Ed.), Islamophobia (pp. 70-74). Detroit, MI: Gale

          Cengage Learning.

References: WEB PAGE

The basic parts of the citation are the author(s), the date the page was posted, the title of the page, and the URL.  Pretty simple.


Podsakoff, N. P., Whiting, S. W., Podsakoff, P. M., & Mishra, P. (2011). Effects of organizational

citizenship behaviors on selection decisions in employment interviews. Journal of Applied

Psychology, 96, 310–326.

Article title: capitalize only the first word (and the first word of the subtitle, if there is one), plus any proper nouns.

Journal title: capitalize all the main words, and put it all in italics.

The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a system for identifying electronic articles that is used by many scholarly publishers. 

It does not matter whether you find a journal article in a database or on a publisher's website.  If it has a DOI, type this at the end of the citation, in a URL (http://...).  Do not type the name of the database.


Nadis, S. (2014, April). First light. Discover, 38-43.  Retrieved from

If no DOI is assigned, give the URL of the journal's home page.

Give the same kind of URL for magazine and newspaper articles. 

Give the specific date (month for monthly magazines, month and day for weekly magazines and for newspapers).

Give the issue number for magazines.

Citing articles that you find online: APA Style (July 2014)

The APA's approach to citing articles is different from that of the MLA.  If you looked it up in one of CSI's online databases, the APA doesn't care what online database you may have used.  They want you to point to the article's electronic "home" in cyberspace.

Take this article from the February 2012 issue of Art in America. If you found the paper copy of that issue in the CSI Library, you would cite the article like this:

Wiley, W. T. (2012, February). Sound and vision. Art in America, 59.

If you looked it up online in MasterFILE Premier, you would cite it like this:

Wiley, W. T. (2012, February). Sound and vision. Art in America, 59. Retrieved from

Notice that it does not mention the name of the database, and that the URL points to the magazine's website.  It does not matter whether or not you can actually pull up the article at that URL.  It is the online source of the magazine.

If you are citing an article that is available for free on the publisher's website, type in the complete URL that will take you to the article.  Here's an example: 

Cote, D., Kraemer, B., Nahl, D., & Ashford, R. (2012). Academic librarians in Second Life. Journal

of Library Innovation,3(1), 20-47. Retrieved from

If the article you cite has a publisher's identification number called a DOI, then you can leave out the URL entirely, even if the article is freely available on the internet.  You will only find a DOI on an article from a scholarly research article.  Here is an example:

Hutchins, S. M. & Peretz, I. (2012). A frog in your throat or in your ear? Searching for the causes of poor singing.

Journal of Experimental Psychology, 141(1), 76-97.  doi:10.1037/a0025064

Sample References List


Broyles, M. (1996). Charles Ives and the American democratic tradition. In J. P. Burkholder (Ed.), Charles

Ives and His World (pp. 118-160). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.           

Campbell, G. J. (2005). Mavericks and other traditions in American music. Journal of American History,

92(2), 684. doi:10.2307/3659403  

Charles Ives's Holidays Symphony: Music made from memories (2009). Retrieved from        

Danbury Museum & Historical Society (2011, February 3). Retrieved February 10, 2011, from 

Schiff, D. (1997, January). The many faces of Ives. Atlantic Monthly, 279(1), 84-87. Retrieved


Swafford, J. (1996). Charles Ives: A life with music. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.